3-D Numerical Study of Effect of Urea Injector Location and Intake Cone Geometry on SCR Performance
In response to current strict laws aiming to reduce motor vehicle emissions, more and more research projects are being carried out in order to enhance the flow of automotive catalysts. There have been substantial efforts to further refine the SCR technology (selective catalytic reduction) for diesel-powered vehicles. Furthermore, only a little distance from the catalytic input between the exhaust system is available for a mobile SCR system. This therefore leads to an insufficient urea residence period, and evaporation and thermolysis at the catalyst entry cannot therefore be completed. This can lead to substantial secondary ammonia and isocyanic acid emissions. Therefore, fast thermolysis, effective ammonia blend with exhaust gas and reduction of ammonia slip are crucial factors for the deployment of SCR technology on cars. The Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) approach is used for optimizing the exhaust gas flow inside the existing catalyst by changing intake cone designs which is intended to be used on Euro VI/Bharat Stage-VI emissions legislation compliant heavy-duty diesel engines in India. This study is divided in to two parts. The first part of the study deals with finding the optimized ammonia injector location, and in the second part, the proposed inlet cone design’s flow velocity uniformity index is estimated and compared with that of the existing SCR catalyst model.