Heat pump systems: A mini review

Mohammad Omar Temori, František Vranay


In this work, a mini review of heat pumps is presented. The work is intended to introduce a technology that can be used to income energy from the natural environment and thus reduce electricity consumption for heating and cooling. A heat pump is a mechanical device that transfers heat from one environmental compartment to another, typically against a temperature gradient (i.e. from cool to hot). In order to do this, an energy input is required: this may be mechanical, electrical or thermal energy. In most modern heat pumps, electrical energy powers a compressor, which drives a compression - expansion cycle of refrigerant fluid between two heat exchanges: a cold evaporator and a warm condenser. The efficiency or coefficient of performance (COP), of a heat pump is defined as the thermal output divided by the primary energy (electricity) input. The COP decreases as the temperature difference between the cool heat source and the warm heat sink increases. An efficient ground source heat pump (GSHP) may achieve a COP of around 4. Heat pumps are ideal for exploiting low-temperature environmental heat sources: the air, surface waters or the ground. They can deliver significant environmental (CO2) and cost savings.


Mohammad Omar Temori
dean.bce@bakhtar.edu.af (Primary Contact)
František Vranay
Temori, M. O. ., & Vranay, F. . (2021). Heat pump systems: A mini review. International Journal of Innovative Research and Scientific Studies, 4(2), 73–81. https://doi.org/10.53894/ijirss.v4i2.59

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